A clean, lightweight alternative to Pythons twisted?
|December 1, 2009||Posted by forumadmin under TechQns||
A (long) while ago I wrote a web-spider that I multithreaded to enable concurrent requests to occur at the same time. That was in my Python youth, in the days before I knew about the GIL and the associated woes it creates for multithreaded code (IE, most of the time stuff just ends up serialized!)…
I’d like to rework this code to make it more robust and perform better. There are basically two ways I could do this: I could use the new multiprocessing module in 2.6+ or I could go for a reactor / event-based model of some sort. I would rather do the later since it’s far simpler and less error-prone.
So the question relates to what framework would be best suited to my needs. The following is a list of the options I know about so far:
- Twisted: The granddaddy of Python reactor frameworks: seems complex and a bit bloated however. Steep learning curve for a small task.
- Eventlet: From the guys at lindenlab. Greenlet based framework that’s geared towards these kinds of tasks. I had a look at the code though and it’s not too pretty: non-pep8 compliant, scattered with prints (why do people do this in a framework!?), API seems a little inconsistent.
- PyEv: Immature, doesn’t seem to be anyone using it right now though it is based on libevent so it’s got a solid backend.
- asyncore: From the stdlib: über low-level, seems like a lot of legwork involved just to get something off the ground.
- tornado: Though this is a server oriented product designed to server dynamic websites it does feature an async HTTP client and a simple ioloop. Looks like it could get the job done but not what it was intended for.
[edit: doesn't run on Windows unfortunately, which counts it out for me - its a requirement for me to support this lame platform]
Is there anything I have missed at all? Surely there must be a library out there that fits the sweet-spot of a simplified async networking library!
[edit: big thanks to intgr for his pointer to this page. If you scroll to the bottom you will see there is a really nice list of projects that aim to tackle this task in one way or another. It seems actually that things have indeed moved on since the inception of Twisted: people now seem to favour a co-routine based solution rather than a traditional reactor / callback oriented one. The benefits of this approach are clearer more direct code: I've certainly found in the past, especially when working with boost.asio in C++ that callback based code can lead to designs that can be hard-to-follow and are relatively obscure to the untrained eye. Using co-routines allows you to write code that looks a little more synchronous at least. I guess now my task is to work out which one of these many libraries I like the look of and give it a go! Glad I asked now...]
[edit: perhaps of interest to anyone who followed or stumbled on this this question or cares about this topic in any sense: I found a really great writeup of the current state of the available tools for this job]
|Asked By – jkp||Read Answers|